Answers to Your Frequently Asked Questions
Everybody has questions and our busy lifestyle leaves us with a limited time in which to find answers. Here we have answered some of our most frequently asked questions about both large and small animals. Of course, these are general answers and we hope you will feel free to consult us on any concerns you have regarding your specific situation.
What are your office hours?
Our Winnsboro office hours are from 8:00 am to 5:00 pm, Monday through Friday, and 8:00 am to noon on Saturdays. We close daily for lunch from 12:00-1:00.
Our Columbia office is open 8:00 am to 5:00 pm Monday through Friday and closed for lunch from 12:00-1:00.
Do you have charge accounts or payment plans?
We do not have open accounts, but we do offer CareCredit® and Scratchpay, and accept cash, checks, Visa®, MasterCard®, Discover®, and American Express. Check out our Payments page for complete information.
Do you accept strays?
We are not an animal shelter; however, strays are taken on a limited basis. Strays are only received if vaccinations and de-worming are given by the person wishing to relinquish the animal.
Can a dog be spayed while it is in heat?
Yes; however, it is more difficult to spay the animal in heat due to increased blood loss.
What are the signs of heartworms?
Coughing, shortness of breath, and enlarged abdomen are all signs of heartworm disease, but these are also signs for many other diseases. If your pet is experiencing these symptoms, a physical examination is necessary to determine what is wrong. Visit our Heartworm page to learn about this dangerous and deadly parasite and how to prevent it.
At what age do you wean cats and dogs?
Puppies and kittens may be weaned at different ages, but most are weaned from 5-6 weeks of age.
At what point can pregnancy be diagnosed in a dog or cat?
In dogs and cats, ultrasound can determine pregnancy as early as 28 days and X-ray can determine pregnancy as early as 47 days.
What flea medicine would best suit my pet?
The flea pill Comfortis® is highly recommended because it lasts 30 days and cannot be washed off.
How often do I need to de-worm my pet?
Adult pets should be de-wormed annually. Puppies and kittens should be de-wormed for the first time at 2-4 weeks of age and then repeat in about 3 weeks. Visit our Pets and Parasites page for more information about this important subject.
At what age can I vaccinate my cat or dog?
Begin pet vaccines at 6-8 weeks of age with boosters at 12 and 16 weeks. Visit our Vaccinations page for more information on this subject.
At what age can I spay or neuter my pet?
We recommend you spay or neuter at 6 months. Visit our Surgery page for more information on spay and neuter surgeries.
What is the best age to geld a horse?
We recommend gelding colts at 12-18 months.
How many times a year can you de-worm your horse?
Deworm horses generally four times a year, every 90 days. Types of dewormers need to be rotated, as well, for complete coverage. There is also a daily dewormer product that is mixed with grain or feed. Feel free to discuss this with us at your next appointment or farm visit and visit our Horses page for more interesting information.
What is the time frame for giving colostrum to a newborn calf?
Give colostrum to newborn calves as soon as possible, within 12 hours of birth.
At what age can feed be introduced to a bottle-raised calf?
Begin calf feed at 2 weeks of age.
Is there a vaccine for warts and can it spread to other animals?
Yes, and it can spread from calf to calf if untreated.
How old does a bull need to be before he can be semen tested?
Semen test bulls at 15 months.
How long after the first signs of labor should you have a calf on the ground?
Within 2 hours of a cow lying down, one should see the tips of the feet, and within another hour, the calf should be on the ground. If no production, call Dr. Sullivan.
How many days from breeding do cows need to be before palpating?
Palpate cows after 30 days.
Is there a shot to dry up a cow?
No, a cow will dry up on her own if she isn’t nursing.
What vaccines are needed for cattle?
Virus Shield 6 + VL5, which is bovine rhinotracheitis; bovine viral diarrhea: BVD Type 1 & Type 2; PI3; BRSV; and campylobacter fetus + the five strands of lepto.
Vision 8 with Spur. All bulls also need anaplasmosis vaccine and foot rot vaccine. Visit our Cattle page for more information.